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Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme in Satellite Towns - UIDSST
As per 2001 Census, the urban population of the country was 286.11 million, which constituted 27.8% of the total population. The 35 million plus cities contained more than one-third (37.85%) of the total urban population. During the last (1991-2001) decade, the number of million plus cities increased from 23 to 35 and this number is likely to increase to 50 by 2011. It has been estimated that there would be an increase of additional 78 million to the total urban population by 2011. Similarly, assuming that a projected increase of 39 million in the population occurs in about 50 million plus cities, (45%-50% of total urban population by 2011), the average increase in population per million plus city would be of the order of 1.2 million during 2001-2011. This magnitude is bound to lead to massive problems in managing already over strained mega / million plus cities.
Excessive concentration of population in these cities and unprecedented increase in the demand for infrastructure / facilities and amenities has led to problems of land shortage, housing shortfall, inadequate transportation etc. Management of essential infrastructure like water supply, sewerage, drainage, solid waste disposal has become more challenging. The concentration of economic activities and population in some of the mega cities like Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Ahmedabad has put tremendous strain on the delivery of services. At the same time there has been growing realization that there is a need for decentralization of activities so as to reduce the burden on these cities.
Taking into account, the existing scenario and the urgency to augment urban infrastructure backed by strengthening of urban governance of the cities / towns, the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) was launched by Ministry of Urban Development in December, 2005 for implementation of urban infrastructure improvement programme in a time bound manner in 63 selected cities. The Mission aims at creating economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities in an integrated framework with focus on economic and social infrastructure, basic services to urban poor, urban sector reforms and strengthening Municipal Governments and their functioning. While the JNNURM has been envisaged to cater to the infrastructure requirements of these 63 cities, there is an imperative need to plan for development of new township / satellite towns around million plus / large cities. The satellite towns/ counter magnets should be spatially separated from the mother city.
The development of satellite cities / townships has shown good results in countries like USA, France and UK during the sixties and seventies. The development of satellite cities around 35 million plus cities will help in achieving greater efficiency in the overall hierarchy of human settlements both at national and regional level.
Last Update On : 22-Mar-2017